Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Round barrow 350m north west of Pond Head Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Oulston, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.1655 / 54°9'55"N

Longitude: -1.1381 / 1°8'17"W

OS Eastings: 456371.775468

OS Northings: 474752.45154

OS Grid: SE563747

Mapcode National: GBR NNH8.DK

Mapcode Global: WHD8Z.HK8J

Entry Name: Round barrow 350m north west of Pond Head Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 May 1951

Last Amended: 23 August 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013437

English Heritage Legacy ID: 26972

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Oulston

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Coxwold St Michael

Church of England Diocese: York


The monument includes a round barrow which is situated on the crest of Oulston
The barrow has a sand and stone mound standing 2m high. It is round in shape
and 20m in diameter. The mound was surrounded by a quarry ditch up to 3m wide
which has become filled in over the years and is no longer visible as an
earthwork. The barrow was recorded and partly excavated in the 19th century.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

This barrow has survived well and so significant information about the
structure of the mound, the surrounding ditch and the burials will be
preserved. The monument is one of a pair of closely associated barrows in the
vicinity. Similar groups of monuments are also known across the region and
offer important scope for the study of burial practice in different
geographical areas in the prehistoric period.

Source: Historic England


McElvaney, M, Howardian Hills AONB Historic Environment Study, (1994)

Source: Historic England

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