Ancient Monuments

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Ribden Low bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Cotton, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.0272 / 53°1'37"N

Longitude: -1.8877 / 1°53'15"W

OS Eastings: 407628.481669

OS Northings: 347768.814537

OS Grid: SK076477

Mapcode National: GBR 375.9KP

Mapcode Global: WHBCY.Z58N

Entry Name: Ribden Low bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 15 July 1966

Last Amended: 3 August 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013397

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13596

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Cotton

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Cauldon St Mary and St Laurence

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes Ribden Low bowl barrow located on the summit of Ribden
Hill. It survives as a slightly mutilated oval earthen mound up to 1.8m high
with maximum dimensions of 31m by 27m. Limited antiquarian investigation of
the barrow's centre located a large flat capstone over a drywalled cist. This
cist contained a contracted inhumation, a flint knife and two barbed and
tanged arrowheads. Adjacent to the cist was a pit 0.6m deep dug into the old
landsurface. The pit was paved with flat stones and contained a cremation,
two flints and five bone artefacts. Burnt bones, pottery, two small pieces of
bronze and a flint were also found during the investigation. A post and wire
fence aligned north-west/south-east crossing the centre of the mound is
excluded from the scheduling. Also excluded is an Ordnance Survey
triangulation pillar on the barrow's summit. The ground beneath these
features, however, is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite some mutilation of the barrow's western side by quarrying and limited
antiquarian investigation at the centre of the mound, Ribden Low bowl barrow
survives reasonably well. This investigation located human remains, flint,
pottery and bronze artefacts, and further evidence of interments and grave
goods will exist within the barrow and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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