Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Threelows bowl barrow

A Scheduled Monument in Farley, Staffordshire

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Latitude: 53.0139 / 53°0'50"N

Longitude: -1.8872 / 1°53'13"W

OS Eastings: 407663.989323

OS Northings: 346293.09707

OS Grid: SK076462

Mapcode National: GBR 37C.3P3

Mapcode Global: WHBCY.ZHHV

Entry Name: Threelows bowl barrow

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1968

Last Amended: 5 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009407

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13597

County: Staffordshire

Civil Parish: Farley

Traditional County: Staffordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Staffordshire

Church of England Parish: Alton St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Lichfield


The monument includes Threelows bowl barrow located at the crest of a broad
flat ridgetop 110m south-east of Threelows Cottages. It survives as an oval
mound of earth and stones up to 0.8m high with maximum dimensions of 17m by
15.5m. Limited antiquarian investigation of the barrow's centre located
layers of grey and red earth covering a pavement of flat stones on which a
small piece of fused lead was found. To the north a flint and flint flakes
were found, to the south was a cremation with a flint and two arrowheads, and
to the west was charcoal at the base of the mound.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite limited antiquarian investigation at the centre of the monument
Threelows bowl barrow survives well. This investigation located human
remains, flints and fused lead, and further evidence of interments and grave
goods will exist within the mound and upon the old landsurface.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Barnatt, J, The Peak District Barrow Survey (1989), (1989)
Bateman, , Ten Years Digging (1861), (1861)
Bateman, Desc & Obs Further Discoveries in the Barrows of Derbyshire,
Bateman, Illustrations of Antiquity (Unpub volume of drawings), Sheffield City Museum
Carrington, Barrow Diggers (Unpub MS with letters and notes), 1848,
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)

Source: Historic England

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