Ancient Monuments

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Medieval moated site at Grove Manor Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Woodnesborough, Kent

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Latitude: 51.2635 / 51°15'48"N

Longitude: 1.3139 / 1°18'50"E

OS Eastings: 631291.032042

OS Northings: 156807.65918

OS Grid: TR312568

Mapcode National: GBR X17.P0S

Mapcode Global: VHLGR.QHGS

Entry Name: Medieval moated site at Grove Manor Farm

Scheduled Date: 17 September 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013347

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12731

County: Kent

Civil Parish: Woodnesborough

Traditional County: Kent

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Kent


The monument includes a square, water-filled moat and its internal island
which together formed the site of a medieval manor house. The moat measures
typically 7m across and has maximum dimensions of ca.45m north-west/south-
east by 50m north-east/south-west. The surface of the moat island, on which
would have stood the manor house and ancillary buildings, undulates subtly
suggesting the presence of archaeological remains.
The manor of Grove has been in existence since the time of Edward II, during
whose reign the moated manor house is most likely to have been built.
The modern wooden bridge providing access onto the island, together with its
footings, and the concrete steps on the north-eastern outer edge of the
moat, are excluded from the scheduling, but the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The moated site at Grove Farm survives well and retains considerable
archaeological potential for the recovery of evidence of the development of
the manor both from the island and from the moat.

Source: Historic England


Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)
TR 35 NW 42,

Source: Historic England

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