Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Sugar Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Aldbourne, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.5022 / 51°30'8"N

Longitude: -1.649 / 1°38'56"W

OS Eastings: 424457.017498

OS Northings: 178202.966866

OS Grid: SU244782

Mapcode National: GBR 5XJ.PXF

Mapcode Global: VHC1B.CHLQ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Sugar Hill

Scheduled Date: 10 March 1925

Last Amended: 18 July 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013346

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12204

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Aldbourne

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire


The monument includes a bowl barrow set below the crest of Sugar Hill near
the top of a steep east-facing slope. The barrow mound is 20m in diameter
and survives to a height of 2m. Surrounding the barrow mound, but no longer
visible at ground level, is a ditch c.3m wide from which material was
quarried during the construction of the mound. Partial excavation of the
site by Canon Greenwell at the end of the 19th century, produced a cremation
burial and worked flint flakes.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation of the Sugar Hill site, much of the monument
remains intact and survives well. It therefore has significant
archaeological potential. The importance of the site is enhanced by its
location in an area containing numerous other barrow mounds and barrow
cemeteries, many of which are well documented through early excavation and
which provide an indication of the intensity of Bronze Age settlement in the

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
'Archaeologia' in Archaeologia, , Vol. 52, (), 53-4

Source: Historic England

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