Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 150m north of Half Moon Wood

A Scheduled Monument in Wanborough, Swindon

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Latitude: 51.5107 / 51°30'38"N

Longitude: -1.6568 / 1°39'24"W

OS Eastings: 423915.897834

OS Northings: 179136.087849

OS Grid: SU239791

Mapcode National: GBR 5XJ.7YV

Mapcode Global: VHC1B.79H8

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 150m north of Half Moon Wood

Scheduled Date: 1 August 1977

Last Amended: 6 February 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011811

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12284

County: Swindon

Civil Parish: Wanborough

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Lyddington and Wanborough

Church of England Diocese: Bristol


The monument includes a bowl barrow set on the floor of a broad dry valley in
an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound is 40m in diameter and
1.5m high. Although no longer visible at ground level a ditch, from which
material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds the
mound. This has been infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature
c.3m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite periodic cultivation of the bowl barrow north of Half Moon Wood, much
of the monument remains intact, survives comparatively well and, with no
evidence for excavation, has potential for the recovery of archaeological
remains. The significance of the monument is enhanced by the fact that
numerous other round barrows survive in the area as well as additional
evidence for contemporary settlement. Such evidence provides a clear
indication of the extent to which the area was settled during the Bronze Age

Source: Historic England

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