Ancient Monuments

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Reed Hall moated site, Reed

A Scheduled Monument in Reed, Hertfordshire

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Latitude: 52.0019 / 52°0'6"N

Longitude: -0.0199 / 0°1'11"W

OS Eastings: 536022.778496

OS Northings: 235569.119234

OS Grid: TL360355

Mapcode National: GBR K89.FSH

Mapcode Global: VHGNJ.LYV6

Entry Name: Reed Hall moated site, Reed

Scheduled Date: 11 April 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013343

English Heritage Legacy ID: 11569

County: Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Reed

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Reed and Buckland

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans


The monument includes the remains of a medieval moated enclosure and
an associated outer enclosure. The moated enclosure is defined by a water-
filled moat along its south arm and southern parts of the east and west arms,
with the remaining northern arm infilled in the past. The enclosure was
originally rectangular in shape measuring some 40m east-west by approx. 75m
north-south inclusive of the 12m wide moat. The interior of the moated
enclosure contains the upstanding remains of Reed Hall, a grade II listed
building (the upstanding remains are excluded from the scheduling although the
ground beneath is included). The west wing dates back to the 1430's and is
thought to be the original medieval manor house. The remaining internal area
is flat apart from a sloped area to the north of the house, thought to mark
the edge of the backfilled moat. Wall lines are visible beneath the turf on
the southern part of the island indicating the survival of further buildings
and features. The south arm of the moat is flanked by a 1.5m high outer
bank. Immediately to the south of the bank is an associated outer enclosure.
The outer enclosure is rectangular in shape measuring approx. 100m by 45m in
maximum external dimensions. It is defined by a 3m wide 0.50m deep ditch on
the north and east sides, by a scarp slope to the south and a 6m wide section
of ditch to the west. The interior is flat. A further scarp slope to the
south is thought to be part of the moated site.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The Reed Hall moated site is a well-preserved example of a Hertfordshire moat,
exhibiting a wide diversity of features including the manor house, banked
interior, outer bank and adjoining enclosure. It survives well and is
situated in an area which shows an unusually high density of moats. It is one
of seven moated sites known from the village of Reed.

Source: Historic England


N.K.B., Ordnance Survey Record, (1972)
Ref to RCHME survey of roof, (1990)

Source: Historic England

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