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Bowl barrow at Five Marys: an outlier to the Five Marys round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Chaldon Herring, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.657 / 50°39'25"N

Longitude: -2.2946 / 2°17'40"W

OS Eastings: 379268.132532

OS Northings: 84188.16009

OS Grid: SY792841

Mapcode National: GBR 109.NPM

Mapcode Global: FRA 672B.PVJ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow at Five Marys: an outlier to the Five Marys round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 27 February 1957

Last Amended: 11 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013342

English Heritage Legacy ID: 21909

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Chaldon Herring

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Lulworths, Winfrith Newburgh and Chaldon

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated in a ridge top position
overlooking Owermoigne and the marshes of Galton Heath to the north and the
village of Chaldon Herring to the south.
The barrow mound measures 14m in diameter and stands to c.1m high. A ditch,
from which material was quarried during the construction of the barrow,
surrounds the mound. This is no longer visible at ground level, having become
infilled over the years, but survives as a buried feature c.2.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

Despite some reduction in its visible extent due to ploughing over the years,
the barrow east of 'Five Marys' survives well and contains archaeological
remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape
in which it was constructed. This is one of numerous barrows surviving
locally and, as such, adds to the understanding of Bronze Age settlement in
the area.

Source: Historic England

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