Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 800m north-east of Hackpen Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Monkton, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.452 / 51°27'7"N

Longitude: -1.8331 / 1°49'59"W

OS Eastings: 411694.170875

OS Northings: 172574.656918

OS Grid: SU116725

Mapcode National: GBR 3V6.Z8H

Mapcode Global: VHB3Z.5RSQ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 800m north-east of Hackpen Barn

Scheduled Date: 9 October 1981

Last Amended: 4 September 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013318

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12262

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Monkton

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set below the crest of a west-facing
slope in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound stands to a
height of 1.5m and is 13m in diameter. Surrounding the barrow mound is a
penanular ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of
the monument. This has been partly infilled over the years but survives as a
low earthwork 0.3m deep and 2m across. On the northern side of the barrow
the ditch is interrupted by a causeway at ground level 1.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The bowl barrow 800m north east of Hackpen Barn survives well with no evidence
for earlier excavation of the site. There is good potential for the recovery
of archaeological evidence for the nature and duration of use of the monument
and the environment within which it was constructed. The importance of the
monument is enhanced by the fact that numerous other round barrows and round
barrow cemeteries survive in the area as well as additional evidence for
contemporary settlement. This illustrates the intensity with which the area
was settled during the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

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