Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 750m east of New Barn

A Scheduled Monument in Preshute, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.4432 / 51°26'35"N

Longitude: -1.8225 / 1°49'21"W

OS Eastings: 412430.558335

OS Northings: 171592.23034

OS Grid: SU124715

Mapcode National: GBR 4WR.G1J

Mapcode Global: VHB3Z.CZCJ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 750m east of New Barn

Scheduled Date: 30 April 1956

Last Amended: 11 July 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013308

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12265

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Preshute

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire


The monument includes a bowl barrow set below the crest of a west facing
slope in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound stands to a
height of 1m and is 20m in diameter. A number of small sarsen blocks,
possibly representing part of the fabric of the monument, are visible on the
surface of the mound. Surrounding the barrow mound is a ditch from which
material used in the construction of the monument was quarried. This has
been infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The barrow east of New Barn survives well with no evidence for excavation
and has potential for the recovery of archaeological evidence for the nature
and duration of use of the monument and the environment within which it was
constructed. The importance of the monument is enhanced by the fact that
numerous other round barrows survive in the area as well as additional
evidence for contemporary settlement. This illustrates the intensity with
which the area was settled during the Bronze Age period.

Source: Historic England

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