Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 600m west of Well Bottom Wood, forming part of the Pitcombe Down round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Abbas, Dorset

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Latitude: 50.71 / 50°42'35"N

Longitude: -2.587 / 2°35'13"W

OS Eastings: 358650.344469

OS Northings: 90202.005902

OS Grid: SY586902

Mapcode National: GBR PT.PWYZ

Mapcode Global: FRA 57G6.HZ1

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 600m west of Well Bottom Wood, forming part of the Pitcombe Down round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 18 September 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013253

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22969

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Abbas

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Little Bredy St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the northern side of a chalk
ridge of the South Dorset Downs, overlooking the South Winterbourne valley to
the north east and the round barrow cemetery at Winterbourne Poor Lot to the
north west. The barrow forms a north western outlier of the round barrow
cemetery situated on the north western part of Pitcombe Down and which
contains ten barrows in all.
The barrow was first identified in 1952 by the Royal Commission on Historic
Monuments (England), when it was found to be 5m in diameter and c.0.45m high.
The barrow mound has since been reduced by ploughing. Surrounding the mound is
a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. This has become infilled over the years, but will survive as a
buried feature c.1m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 600m west of Well Bottom Wood will survive in the form of
buried remains and as such will contain archaeological and environmental
evidence relating to the Pitcombe Down cemetery and the landscape in which it
was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Dorset: Volume 1 , (1952), 39

Source: Historic England

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