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Bowl barrow 500m west of Well Bottom Wood, forming part of the Pitcombe Down round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Abbas, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7084 / 50°42'30"N

Longitude: -2.5861 / 2°35'9"W

OS Eastings: 358711.08505

OS Northings: 90030.65729

OS Grid: SY587900

Mapcode National: GBR PT.PX7B

Mapcode Global: FRA 57G6.Q9W

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 500m west of Well Bottom Wood, forming part of the Pitcombe Down round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 31 October 1957

Last Amended: 18 September 1996

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013250

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22966

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Abbas

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: Little Bredy St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a chalk ridge of the South
Dorset Downs, overlooking the South Winterbourne Valley to the north east and
the Bride Valley to the south. The barrow is one of ten which form the
Pitcombe Down round barrow cemetery.
The barrow has a mound composed of earth, chalk and flint with a maximum
diameter of 35m and a maximum height of c.1.5m. This is surrounded by a ditch
from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. The
ditch has become infilled over the years, but it is sometimes visible as a
parchmark and will survive as a buried feature c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 500m west of Well Bottom Wood survives well and will contain
archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the Pitcombe Down
cemetery and the landscape in which it was constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
An Inventory of the Historical Monuments of Dorset: Volume 1 , (1952), 39

Source: Historic England

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