Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 670m east of Rowbury Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Leckhampstead, West Berkshire

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Latitude: 51.4739 / 51°28'25"N

Longitude: -1.3606 / 1°21'38"W

OS Eastings: 444502.637556

OS Northings: 175182.163812

OS Grid: SU445751

Mapcode National: GBR 80Y.JSZ

Mapcode Global: VHCZ4.C6KZ

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 670m east of Rowbury Farm

Scheduled Date: 10 May 1933

Last Amended: 28 January 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013220

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12068

County: West Berkshire

Civil Parish: Leckhampstead

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Church of England Parish: Boxford

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a bowl barrow of irregular shape situated on a
gentle south-facing slope. The barrow survives as a grass-mound
measuring 26m from east to west and 15m from north to south. It stands
to a height of 1.25m at the west end and 0.75m at the east end.
Although no longer visible at ground level, a ditch from which mound
material was quarried, surrounds the barrow. This has been infilled
over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The barrow
was partially excavated in 1870 although only a quantity of charcoal
and ashes were found.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The Rowbury Farm barrow is important as it survives comparatively well,
despite partial excavation, and ditch deposits and the buried ground
surface remain intact. The site has considerable potential, for the
recovery of archaeological and environmental remains.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Palmer, Dr, 'Transactions of the Newbury and District Field Club' in Transactions of the Newbury and District Field Club, , Vol. 11, (1872), 16
Schofield, A J, Flint Flakes, (1989)

Source: Historic England

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