Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow on Barrow Hill

A Scheduled Monument in Peasemore, West Berkshire

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Latitude: 51.5046 / 51°30'16"N

Longitude: -1.3276 / 1°19'39"W

OS Eastings: 446765.656173

OS Northings: 178618.304652

OS Grid: SU467786

Mapcode National: GBR 80M.M5P

Mapcode Global: VHCYY.YF0Y

Entry Name: Bowl barrow on Barrow Hill

Scheduled Date: 22 October 1970

Last Amended: 15 February 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013185

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12080

County: West Berkshire

Civil Parish: Peasemore

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Church of England Parish: Beedon

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a bowl barrow set below the crest of a gentle south-
facing slope. The barrow mound has a maximum diameter of 32m and is 1.75m
high. Although part of the mound has been squared-off by cultivation, the
edge of it is still visible as an earthwork in the arable field. Surrounding
the barrow mound is a ditch from which the mound material was quarried. This
has been infilled over the years and survives as a buried feature 3m wide.
The mound and ditch together have a diameter of 38m.
The site was partially excavated in 1815. Finds included a cremation burial
and incense cup in the south side of the mound. Further excavations in the
centre of the mound in 1850 produced a circle of post holes containing charred
wood. In addition a small cist containing part of a bronze riveted dagger
were found when removing turf c.1860.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The Barrow Hill monument is important as it survives well, despite partial
excavation in the 19th century. In particular, ditch deposits and the buried
ground surface remain intact and have considerable archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Long, C, 'Archaeological Journal' in Archaeological Journal, , Vol. 7, (1850)
Palmer, S, 'The Berkshire Archaeological Association' in Journal of the Berkshire Archaeological Association, , Vol. 17, (1861)

Source: Historic England

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