Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Stone hut circle 425m south east of Sparretts Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Cleer, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5169 / 50°31'0"N

Longitude: -4.4836 / 4°29'0"W

OS Eastings: 224026.62793

OS Northings: 71511.179908

OS Grid: SX240715

Mapcode National: GBR NF.JS58

Mapcode Global: FRA 17HP.P2C

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 425m south east of Sparretts Farm

Scheduled Date: 15 April 1997

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013211

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15074

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Cleer

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument comprises an unenclosed stone hut circle situated on the south
west edge of Craddock Moor on Bodmin Moor.
The hut circle survives with a well preserved circular wall, 1.5m wide and
0.5m high, composed of rubble and large boulders up to 1m across. The wall
fully encloses a circular internal area 5.5m in diameter, levelled into the
hillslope. The hut circle is one of several prehistoric settlement features
dispersed about this hillside, including other unenclosed hut circles,
enclosures and heaps of cleared stone.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

This hut circle on Craddock Moor survives well and has not been excavated.
Its proximity to other broadly contemporary hut circles, enclosures and
clearance cairns demonstrates well the nature of land use during the Bronze

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Sharpe, A, The Minions Area Archaeological Survey and Management (Volume 2), (1989)
7/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2471,
consulted 6/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1280,
consulted 6/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1282,
consulted 6/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1299,
consulted 6/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1356,
consulted 6/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 14113,

Source: Historic England

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