Ancient Monuments

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Stone hut circle centred 460m ESE of Sparretts Farm

A Scheduled Monument in St. Cleer, Cornwall

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.5172 / 50°31'1"N

Longitude: -4.4828 / 4°28'58"W

OS Eastings: 224080.009753

OS Northings: 71539.804753

OS Grid: SX240715

Mapcode National: GBR NF.JSDX

Mapcode Global: FRA 17HP.PC0

Entry Name: Stone hut circle centred 460m ESE of Sparretts Farm

Scheduled Date: 6 April 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009839

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15073

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: St. Cleer

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): West Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: St Cleer

Church of England Diocese: Truro

Details

The monument comprises a stone hut circle situated on the south-western edge
of Craddock Moor on Bodmin Moor.
The hut circle survives with a well preserved circular wall of stone rubble,
up to 1.5m wide and 0.4m high, in whose inner face are set upright boulders,
rising to 0.75m high and spaced 1m apart. The wall encloses a circular
internal area 4.5m in diameter, levelled into the hillslope. It is unclear
which of the many gaps between the upright boulders formed the original
entrance. The hut circle is one of several Prehistoric settlement features
dispersed about this hillside, including other unenclosed hut circles,
enclosures and heaps of cleared stone.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

This hut circle on Craddock Moor survives well and has not been excavated. It
has unusual wall construction involving spaced upright boulders. Its
proximity to other broadly contemporary hut circles, enclosures and clearance
cairns demonstrates well the nature of land use during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Sharpe, A, The Minions Area Archaeological Survey and Management (Volume 2), (1989)
Other
7/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2471,
consulted 6/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1280,
consulted 6/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1282,
consulted 6/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1299,
consulted 6/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1356,
consulted 6/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 14113,

Source: Historic England

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