Ancient Monuments

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Moated site 100m south-west of Bear Place

A Scheduled Monument in Wargrave, Wokingham

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Latitude: 51.5044 / 51°30'16"N

Longitude: -0.8357 / 0°50'8"W

OS Eastings: 480903.378613

OS Northings: 179032.574521

OS Grid: SU809790

Mapcode National: GBR C57.RHL

Mapcode Global: VHDWP.GGJ1

Entry Name: Moated site 100m south-west of Bear Place

Scheduled Date: 3 March 1977

Last Amended: 27 March 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013137

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12034

County: Wokingham

Civil Parish: Wargrave

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Church of England Parish: Wargrave with Knowl Hill

Church of England Diocese: Oxford


The monument includes a rectangular moated site 100m south-west of Bear Place.
The monument is aligned east-west with two causeways facing east and west.
The site has maximum external dimensions of 75m square and is surrounded by a
water-filled moat of 10m width and indeterminate depth. The moat is sharply
rectangular giving the impression that it is a post-Medieval example, possibly
contemporary with the timber-framed farm buildings to the south-west. The
moat is fed by a small river and thus remains wet all the year round. The
island measures 55m square although no traces of a structure can be seen.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known, relatively few survive in
Berkshire. This example is particularly important as it survives well and has
high potential for the recovery of archaeological remains. Importance is
enhanced by the survival, adjacent to the moated site, of what are believed to
be contemporary farm buildings.

Source: Historic England


Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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