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Moated site on the West Wiltshire Industrial Estate

A Scheduled Monument in Heywood, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2748 / 51°16'29"N

Longitude: -2.2067 / 2°12'24"W

OS Eastings: 385678.199431

OS Northings: 152865.187927

OS Grid: ST856528

Mapcode National: GBR 1TD.0XL

Mapcode Global: VH978.P7S3

Entry Name: Moated site on the West Wiltshire Industrial Estate

Scheduled Date: 25 September 1974

Last Amended: 29 March 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013102

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12048

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Heywood

Built-Up Area: Westbury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: North Bradley, Southwick and Heywood

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a trapezoidal moated site on the West Wiltshire
Trading Estate. It survives as a roughly rectangular enclosure
aligned NW-SE and with maximum external dimensions of c.100m square.
On the north-east side the island is surrounded by a ditch 10m wide
and 0.9m deep, now virtually dry. There is a slight bank around the
perimeter of the island which has overall dimensions of 60m by 50m.
The island also contains a well-defined building platform. The
original entrance appears to be in the centre of the south-east
side. On the south-west side the interior bank is 8m wide and 1m
high and the moat 17m wide and 1.7m deep. Outside this is a
counterscarp bank 9m wide and 0.7m high.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known, relatively few
survive in Wiltshire. This example is particularly important as it
survives well, has high potential for the survival of archaeological
and organic remains and displays a good range of features including a
building platform.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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