Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

This site is entirely user-supported. See how you can help.

Goodwife's Hut Romano-British settlement, 310m WNW of South Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Birtley, Northumberland

Approximate Location Map
Large Map »
Street or Overhead View
Contributor Photos »

If Google Street View is available, the image is from the best available vantage point looking, if possible, towards the location of the monument. Where it is not available, the satellite view is shown instead.

Coordinates

Latitude: 55.0995 / 55°5'58"N

Longitude: -2.2027 / 2°12'9"W

OS Eastings: 387163.869151

OS Northings: 578355.599231

OS Grid: NY871783

Mapcode National: GBR F91G.XS

Mapcode Global: WHB1R.43C0

Entry Name: Goodwife's Hut Romano-British settlement, 310m WNW of South Farm

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1977

Last Amended: 21 November 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013089

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25117

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Birtley

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Birtley St Giles

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes the remains of a farmstead of Romano-British date
situated on the flat top of a knoll. The farmstead, irregularly shaped,
measures a maximum of 70m north west to south east by 104m north to south. The
farmstead consists of three contiguous sub rectangular enclosures, each
bounded by a bank of stone and earth on average 5m wide and 0.6m high below
the external ground level. There is an entrance through the south wall of the
southernmost enclosure. Within the farmstead there are the remains of at
least two stone-founded circular houses 5m and 10m in diameter. The fence line
which crosses the monument at the southern end is excluded from the scheduling
but the ground beneath that feature is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements
dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non-
defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone
construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also
common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures
were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common.
Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the
settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the
enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard
layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of
the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were
pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two
houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the
settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main
enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be
found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form
and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known.
These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives
throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement
forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common
throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved
earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common,
although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography.
All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be
identified as nationally important.

Goodwife's Hut farmstead is reasonably well preserved and retains significant
archaeological deposits. It is one of a group of similar Romano-British
settlements in the area and will contribute to any study of the settlement
pattern at this time.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
NY 87 NE 08,

Source: Historic England

Other nearby scheduled monuments

AncientMonuments.uk is an independent online resource and is not associated with any government department. All government data published here is used under licence. Please do not contact AncientMonuments.uk for any queries related to any individual ancient or schedued monument, planning permission related to scheduled monuments or the scheduling process itself.

AncientMonuments.uk is a Good Stuff website.