Ancient Monuments

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Hut circle, 420m north west of High Carry House

A Scheduled Monument in Bellingham, Northumberland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 55.109 / 55°6'32"N

Longitude: -2.2164 / 2°12'58"W

OS Eastings: 386294.116497

OS Northings: 579416.865693

OS Grid: NY862794

Mapcode National: GBR D9YC.YC

Mapcode Global: WHB1J.XVR8

Entry Name: Hut circle, 420m north west of High Carry House

Scheduled Date: 28 November 1994

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009677

English Heritage Legacy ID: 25118

County: Northumberland

Civil Parish: Bellingham

Traditional County: Northumberland

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Northumberland

Church of England Parish: Birtley St Giles

Church of England Diocese: Newcastle

Details

The monument includes the remains of a single unenclosed hut circle situated
on the flat crest of a ridge above the River North Tyne. The hut circle is
well defined and measures 12m in diameter within an outer wall of stone and
earth 2m wide and 0.3m high. There is a clear entrance on the western side of
the hut circle.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Unenclosed hut circle settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers. The hut circles take a variety of forms. Some are stone based and are
visible as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area. Others were
timber constructions and only the shallow groove in which the timber uprights
used in the wall construction stood can now be identified; this may survive as
a slight earthwork feature or may be visible on aerial photographs. Some can
only be identified by the artificial earthwork platforms created as level
stances for the houses. The number of houses in a settlement varies between
one and twelve. In areas where they were constructed on hillslopes the
platforms on which the houses stood are commonly arrayed in tiers along the
contour of the slope. Several settlements have been shown to be associated
with organised field plots, the fields being defined by low stony banks or
indicated by groups of clearance cairns.
Many unenclosed settlements have been shown to date to the Bronze Age but it
is also clear that they were still being constructed and used in the Early
Iron Age. They provide an important contrast to the various types of enclosed
and defended settlements which were also being constructed and used around the
same time. Their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument
types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation
and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities.

The unenclosed hut circle near High Carry House is well preserved and retains
significant archaeological deposits.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
MacLaughlan, H, Additional Notes on Roman Roads in Northumberland, (1867), 77
Gates, A, 'Settlement in North Britain 1000BC - AD 1000' in Unenclosed Settlements in Northumberland, (1983), 125
Other
NY 87 NE 03,

Source: Historic England

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