Ancient Monuments

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Moated site at Otterbourne Manor

A Scheduled Monument in Otterbourne, Hampshire

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Latitude: 50.9991 / 50°59'56"N

Longitude: -1.3395 / 1°20'22"W

OS Eastings: 446447.162981

OS Northings: 122400.730836

OS Grid: SU464224

Mapcode National: GBR 86S.B4X

Mapcode Global: FRA 862G.PZP

Entry Name: Moated site at Otterbourne Manor

Scheduled Date: 15 March 1949

Last Amended: 27 July 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1013055

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12055

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Otterbourne

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Otterbourne St Matthew

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes an oval moated site at Otterbourne Manor. The site is
orientated WNW-ESE and has maximum external dimensions of 140m east-west by
80m north-south. The moat survives to a width of c.12m and a depth of around
4m and encloses an area c.115m by 60m. The north and east arms of the moat
are seasonally water-filled and well-preserved; the south and west sides are
overgrown and infilled. Three causeways cross the moat, to the north-west,
the north and the south. Traces of an exterior bank survive along part of the
south side of the monument although this may result from later clearance of
the moat. It has a width of 3m and a height of between 0.5 and 0.7m.
The manor of Otterbourne is well-documented throughout the medieval period.
It was granted to Merton College, Oxford in the mid 15th century and the
manorial court was held in the manor house until the early 19th century.
The grade 2 listed 17th century farmhouse and the other buildings within the
protected area are all excluded from the scheduling, though the ground beneath
them is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known in England, relatively few
survive in Hampshire. This example is particularly important as it survives
well with a good range of features and is associated with a listed building of
17th century date. In addition good documentary evidence for the use of the
site survives.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Stamper, P, Medieval Hampshire: studies in landscape history, (1983)
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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