Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two bowl barrows 200m east of Twyford Pumping Station

A Scheduled Monument in Twyford, Hampshire

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Latitude: 51.0219 / 51°1'18"N

Longitude: -1.2957 / 1°17'44"W

OS Eastings: 449490.861028

OS Northings: 124962.495433

OS Grid: SU494249

Mapcode National: GBR 86G.WRP

Mapcode Global: FRA 865D.WJN

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 200m east of Twyford Pumping Station

Scheduled Date: 19 January 1962

Last Amended: 17 December 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012978

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12138

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Twyford

Built-Up Area: Twyford

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Twyford St Mary

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes two large bowl barrows set in a dry valley and aligned
east-west. A distance of 15m separates the two barrow mounds. The western
mound has a maximum diameter of c.35m and stands to a height of 3m when viewed
from ground level on the north side. The eastern barrow mound is 32m across
and 1m high. Both have shallow circular depressions on the mound suggesting
partial excavation, probably in the 19th century. Ditches, surviving as
buried features, surround both barrow mounds to a width of c.4m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

Despite partial excavation of both barrow mounds, much of the monument remains
intact and therefore has considerable archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England

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