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Medieval moated site, The Mounts, Pachesham Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Leatherhead North, Surrey

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.3078 / 51°18'28"N

Longitude: -0.3452 / 0°20'42"W

OS Eastings: 515441.867361

OS Northings: 157824.267163

OS Grid: TQ154578

Mapcode National: GBR 6N.FMX

Mapcode Global: VHFVC.YDW8

Entry Name: Medieval moated site, The Mounts, Pachesham Farm

Scheduled Date: 30 November 1925

Last Amended: 2 May 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012996

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12748

County: Surrey

Electoral Ward/Division: Leatherhead North

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Church of England Parish: Leatherhead

Church of England Diocese: Guildford

Details

The moated site at The Mounts includes a levelled platform on which buildings
have been shown to have stood but also the earthworks which surround the
platform, these comprising a complete circuit of moat and a length of
embanking on the north-east side. Although no moat is visible on the steeply
sloping south-east side, an area beyond the edge of the platform is included
since excavation has demonstrated that a shallow moat does survive in this
area too.
Moated sites are generally seen as the prestigious residences of the Lords of
the manor, the moat marking the high status of the occupier but also serving
to deter casual raiders and wild animals. Excavation has shown that, like
most moated sites, the example in The Mounts was used in the later 13th
century. It has also been shown, however, that an earlier building had
occupied the site, around which the moat was dug during the 13th century. The
moated site in The Mounts was short-lived: historical records show that by
1343 the manor was of little value, and by 1386 the main building had already
been dismantled.
The platform itself forms a rough oval in shape, and measures 45m by 30m. The
slight moat on the south side has been obscured by soil creep from above, but
it becomes more visible towards the north and reaches a maximum width of 21m.
The unusual siting of the moat leaves a natural outer bank which is enhanced
on the north-east side by an additional earthen bank 25m long and 4m wide.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 5 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often, or seasonally, water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings or, in
some cases, which were used for horticulture. The peak period during which
moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the
greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However,
moated sites were built throughout the Medieval period, are widely scattered
throughout England, and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and
sizes. The form a significant class of Medieval monument and are important
for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the
countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of
organic remains.
The example in The Mounts is of particular importance because it is sited,
unusually, on a rise rather than on low ground, thereby illustrating some of
the diversity, of this class of monument. It is also well documented both
historically and archaeologically as a result of small-scale excavations, and
the unexcavated area has been shown to be of high archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Lowther, A, 'Proc Leatherhead Dist Local Hist Soc' in Interim Reports On Excavations At Pachesham, , Vol. 1.1-1.3, (1947)
Lowther, A, Renn, D, Ruby, A, 'Surrey Arch. Soc. Collections' in Pachenesham, Leatherhead, , Vol. 74, (1983), 1-45
Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Descriptions - Moats, (1988)
Surrey Antiquity 133,

Source: Historic England

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