Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows: part of Leatherhead Down round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Leatherhead South, Surrey

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Latitude: 51.2785 / 51°16'42"N

Longitude: -0.3028 / 0°18'10"W

OS Eastings: 518473.385316

OS Northings: 154624.603941

OS Grid: TQ184546

Mapcode National: GBR HFZ.VMD

Mapcode Global: VHGS1.P4S8

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows: part of Leatherhead Down round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 13 January 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1007887

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20180

County: Surrey

Electoral Ward/Division: Leatherhead South

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Church of England Parish: Leatherhead

Church of England Diocese: Guildford


The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned north east to south west and
situated on a broad east-west spur in an area of chalk downland. These barrows
are two of the three surviving examples within a round barrow cemetery that
once contained at least seven. The eastern barrow survives as a mound 20m
north-south, 14m east-west and 0.7m high, surrounded by a ditch from which
material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This is no
longer visible at ground level having become infilled over the years but
survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The second barrow is 12m to the west
and survives as mound 10m in diameter and 0.4m high. This too is surrounded by
a ditch from which material was quarried and which now survives as a buried
feature c.1.5m wide.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The monument on Leatherhead Down includes two of only three barrows surviving
of an originally larger cemetery. The barrows survive comparatively well and
contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the
monument, the cemetery of which they formed a part and the landscape in which
the cemetery was constructed.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Poulton, R, O'Connell, M G, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Recent Discoveries South Of Tyrell's Wood Golf Course Near Leatherhead, , Vol. 75, (1984), 289-292

Source: Historic England

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