Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Bowl barrow 800m west of Marlpit Oak

A Scheduled Monument in Sway, Hampshire

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Latitude: 50.7977 / 50°47'51"N

Longitude: -1.6065 / 1°36'23"W

OS Eastings: 427827.89193

OS Northings: 99867.40993

OS Grid: SZ278998

Mapcode National: GBR 663.W3B

Mapcode Global: FRA 76JZ.FZP

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 800m west of Marlpit Oak

Scheduled Date: 13 September 1963

Last Amended: 3 December 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012974

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12132

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Sway

Built-Up Area: Sway

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Boldre St John

Church of England Diocese: Winchester


The monument includes a ditched bowl barrow in a prominent ridge-top location
with extensive views north and west. The barrow mound has a maximum diameter
of 25m and survives to a height of 1.8m. Surrounding the barrow mound on the
SE and NW sides are traces of a ditch 1m wide and 0.2m deep. This has been
obscured on the east side of the mound by construction of an access road and
an accompanying drainage ditch. The surface of the access road is excluded
from the monument although the ground beneath the track is included.
The mound and ditch together have a diameter of 27m.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

There is no evidence for formal excavation of the monument and the site has
considerable archaeological potential.

Source: Historic England

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