Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow at Shirley Holms, 640m east-north-east of Little Purley Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Sway, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.786 / 50°47'9"N

Longitude: -1.5836 / 1°35'0"W

OS Eastings: 429449.641839

OS Northings: 98573.593068

OS Grid: SZ294985

Mapcode National: GBR 66B.NFH

Mapcode Global: FRA 77K0.JVY

Entry Name: Bowl barrow at Shirley Holms, 640m east-north-east of Little Purley Farm

Scheduled Date: 13 May 1960

Last Amended: 13 July 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1008769

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20328

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Sway

Built-Up Area: Sway

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Church of England Parish: Sway St Luke

Church of England Diocese: Winchester

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the brow of an east facing
slope overlooking Milking Pound Bottom. The barrow mound measures 12m in
diameter and stands up to 1m high. A hollow in the centre of the mound
represents the location of a partial excavation carried out in the 18th
century. This work revealed the old ground surface and a Bronze Age pot
containing a cremation burial. Surrounding the mound is a ditch, from which
material was quarried during the construction of the barrow. This has become
partly infilled over the years, but survives as an earthwork 1.5m wide and
0.3m deep.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite partial excavation, the bowl barrow at Shirley Holms, 640m east-north-
east of Little Purley Farm, survives comparatively well within the New Forest,
an area known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age
occupation. A considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived in
this area because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later
climatic deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal
Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Warner, R, Topographical Remarks Relating to the SW Parts of Hampshire, (1793), 70-9
Other
Hampshire County Planning Department, SZ29NE24A,

Source: Historic England

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