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Medieval moated site of Guildford Park Manor, Manor Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Onslow, Surrey

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.2348 / 51°14'5"N

Longitude: -0.6132 / 0°36'47"W

OS Eastings: 496913.220156

OS Northings: 149315.23736

OS Grid: SU969493

Mapcode National: GBR FCH.FSW

Mapcode Global: VHFVM.B757

Entry Name: Medieval moated site of Guildford Park Manor, Manor Farm

Scheduled Date: 2 May 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012785

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12763

County: Surrey

Electoral Ward/Division: Onslow

Traditional County: Surrey

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Surrey

Church of England Parish: Guildford All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Guildford

Details

The moated site at Manor Farm includes the partially-silted moat and its
island but also a broad external bank on the northern margin of the moat and
the drainage leat at the north-east corner of the moat. Moated sites are
generally seen as prestigious residences, the moat marking the high status of
the occupier but also serving to deter casual raiders and wild animals. Like
many moated sites, this example originated around 1300 AD and lay within the
1600 acre deer park which Henry II had enclosed soon after his accession in
1154. After about 1370, the moated buildings at Manor Farm formed an
occasional lodgings for royal hunting parties as well as being the residence
of the park keeper, and they continued in use until around 1600 after which
time they were demolished.
The monument features a rectangular stone-lined moat which originally
encircled the island on which the buildings stood. The moat was partially
infilled with the rubble from the early 17th century demolition, but two
lengths survive in good condition. No visible traces of the buildings which
occupied the island survive, but small-scale excavations have demonstrated
that much evidence of these buildings exists below the surface. The outer
edge of the moat on the north side is marked by a broad, low bank, while at
the north-east corner is a drainage leat. The electricity cable in this area,
the sluice between moat and leat and all fencing within the scheduled area,
are excluded from the scheduling. The brick-laid former tennis court and
modern fishpond-cum-flowerbed are also excluded, although the ground beneath
both is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 3 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The example at Manor Farm is of importance because excavation has shown that a
wealth of evidence of the buildings which stood on the island still survives,
while the continued wetness of parts of the moat provides ideal conditions for
the preservation of organic remains. The historical and archaeological
documentation of the monument is also excellent.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map and includes a 3 metre
boundary (6m on the north side) around the archaeological features considered
essential for the monument's preservation and support.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Crocker, A, 'Previous interims Vol 96, 103, 118' in Excavations at Guildford Manor Park, (1976)
Other
Crocker, A., 1st Interim Report (typescript), (1973)
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Surrey Antiquity 1657,

Source: Historic England

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