Ancient Monuments

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One of three cairns on Three Barrows, Ugborough Moor

A Scheduled Monument in South Brent, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4481 / 50°26'53"N

Longitude: -3.8998 / 3°53'59"W

OS Eastings: 265214.485463

OS Northings: 62642.011609

OS Grid: SX652626

Mapcode National: GBR Q9.1604

Mapcode Global: FRA 27QW.2JJ

Entry Name: One of three cairns on Three Barrows, Ugborough Moor

Scheduled Date: 14 October 1957

Last Amended: 29 October 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012773

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10620

County: Devon

Civil Parish: South Brent

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Ugborough St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

Many examples of prehistoric funerary monuments are preserved on Dartmoor,
mostly dating to the Bronze Age (c.2500-500BC). To celebrate or commemorate
the dead, mounds of earth or stone were piled in roughly hemispherical shape
over the burial, which was sometimes contained in a small rectangular
structure, or cist, made of stone slabs. Some monuments also include
kerbstones marking the outer edge of the mound and a surrounding ditch.
This is one of a group of three large cairns situated prominently on the
hill known as Three Barrows, it is formed by a mound of stones on a stone
and earth base and is 20m in diameter and 1.5m in height. The group is
associated with a reave which runs over Three Barrows.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the
most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country.
The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct
evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric
period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between
settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.
This cairn is one of a well-preserved group of three occupying a prominent
position on the summit of a hill named after them. Their relationship with
other monuments of the same type along the eastern side of the Erme Valley
and to Three Barrows Reave, indicates the wealth of evidence relating to
both occupation and the ritual side of life on this part of the Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Proc. Devon Arch. Soc.' in Dartmoor Barrows (0305 5795), , Vol. 36, (1978), 168
Spence Bate, C, 'Trans. Devonshire Assoc.' in Researches Into Some Ancient Tumuli on Dartmoor, , Vol. 5, (1872), 553
Other
Devon County SMR SX66SE-052,

Source: Historic England

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