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Nine barrows and part of a later enclosure 350m north east of sea mark: the barrows forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Ashey Down

A Scheduled Monument in Havenstreet and Ashey, Isle of Wight

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.6861 / 50°41'9"N

Longitude: -1.1837 / 1°11'1"W

OS Eastings: 457763.202721

OS Northings: 87699.7294

OS Grid: SZ577876

Mapcode National: GBR 9D0.TVH

Mapcode Global: FRA 87D8.BPN

Entry Name: Nine barrows and part of a later enclosure 350m north east of sea mark: the barrows forming part of a round barrow cemetery on Ashey Down

Scheduled Date: 23 October 1967

Last Amended: 20 November 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012753

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22055

County: Isle of Wight

Civil Parish: Havenstreet and Ashey

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Isle of Wight

Church of England Parish: Swanmore St Michael and All Angels

Church of England Diocese: Portsmouth

Details

The monument includes nine round barrows and part of a later enclosure on the
slope of a north east facing hillside just below the crest of the hill, on the
central upper chalk ridge of the Isle of Wight. The barrows form part of a
wider cemetery on Ashey Down which includes 19 barrows.
The barrows which fall within this monument have mounds with diameters of
between 13.5m and 25m, and range in height from 0.9m to 2m. Surrounding each
mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction.
These ditches have become infilled over the years and can no longer be seen at
ground level, but survive as buried features c.3m wide.
Of the nine barrows in this monument, eight have recorded excavations. Six of
these were partly excavated by B Barrow in 1853 who found cremations,
charcoal, human and animal bones and pottery. Two more barrows were excavated
by P Drewett in 1969 who found flint artefacts, Bronze Age pottery sherds,
Romano-British coins and an inhumation. Drewett recorded that one of the
barrows he excavated was a bell barrow; the remainder are bowl barrows. The
ninth barrow in the group has a central disturbance indicative of antiquarian
investigation, though no details are known.
That part of the enclosure which lies within the area of the scheduling
includes the angle of its western corner. This appears as a bank c.0.5m high
and an internal ditch c.0.5m wide and c.0.3m deep. The sample of enclosure
runs for a length of c.60m north east-south west and 10m north west-south
east, and is part of a large enclosure covering c.1.4ha. Drewett, who surveyed
this part of Ashey Down in 1969, considered the enclosure to be medieval in
date.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The nine barrows and part of the enclosure 350m north east of sea mark survive
well. The barrows are known from partial excavation to be integral to the
Ashey Down cemetery, and the barrows and the section of enclosure will contain
archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monuments on
Ashey Down and the landscape in which they were constructed.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Isle of Wight archaeological index, (1979)
Barrow, B, 'Journal of the British Archaeological Association' in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, (1854), 164
Barrow, B, 'Journal of the British Archaeological Association' in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, (1854), 164
Drewett, P L, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 27, (1970), 55-56
Drewett, P L, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 27, (1970), 55-56
Drewett, P L, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 27, (1970), 33
Drewett, P L, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 27, (1970), 33-56
Drewett, P L, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 27, (1970), 55-56
Drewett, P L, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 27, (1970), 56
Drewett, P L, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 27, (1970), 55
Drewett, P L, 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 27, (1970), 55-56
Tomalin, D J , 'Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club' in Proceedings of the Hampshire Field Club, , Vol. 30, (1973), 31-34
Other
Category B No.7, The Vectis Report, (1980)

Source: Historic England

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