Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Stone hut circle 50m east of Carey Tor

A Scheduled Monument in North Hill, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5661 / 50°33'58"N

Longitude: -4.4986 / 4°29'55"W

OS Eastings: 223143.987749

OS Northings: 77023.097327

OS Grid: SX231770

Mapcode National: GBR ND.FN9C

Mapcode Global: FRA 17GK.P7J

Entry Name: Stone hut circle 50m east of Carey Tor

Scheduled Date: 17 February 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012705

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15185

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: North Hill

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: North Hill

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a stone hut circle situated near other broadly
contemporary settlement sites and funerary cairns on the eastern slope of
Carey Tor at the southern edge of East Moor on eastern Bodmin Moor.
The hut circle survives with a circular wall of heaped rubble, up to 1.7m wide
and 0.7m high, around an internal area 6.5m in diameter, levelled into the
hillslope. The hut circle wall incorporates both inner and outer facing
slabs, up to 1m long and 0.5m high. Several of the inner slabs have subsided
inwards on the hut circle's western side. The inner facing slabs become
markedly larger towards the western side of the hut circle's 0.5m wide south-
facing entrance gap, which is also defined on its western side by a large end-
set slab set across the wall line. This monument is one of seven hut circles
forming a dispersed unenclosed settlement over an area of 1 hectare on the
south-east and east sides of Carey Tor.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric
farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The
stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular
floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur
singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by
a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their
longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides
important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming
practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative
of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

This hut circle near Carey Tor has survived well; it displays clear details of
its construction and has no visible or recorded evidence for any disturbance
other than the natural subsidence of some of its inner facing slabs. Its
proximity to other broadly contemporary hut circles and cairns demonstrates
well the nature of settlement and the organisation of land use during the
Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England


Consulted 3/1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2376 & SX 2377,
Consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1082,
Consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1083.01,
Consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1084,
consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1093,
consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1139,
Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1083.03,

Source: Historic England

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