Ancient Monuments

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Round cairn 165m south-west of Tresellern Farm

A Scheduled Monument in North Hill, Cornwall

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Latitude: 50.5641 / 50°33'50"N

Longitude: -4.4937 / 4°29'37"W

OS Eastings: 223483.585184

OS Northings: 76784.445297

OS Grid: SX234767

Mapcode National: GBR ND.FX43

Mapcode Global: FRA 17GK.YZF

Entry Name: Round cairn 165m south-west of Tresellern Farm

Scheduled Date: 13 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011866

English Heritage Legacy ID: 15182

County: Cornwall

Civil Parish: North Hill

Traditional County: Cornwall

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cornwall

Church of England Parish: North Hill

Church of England Diocese: Truro


The monument includes a Prehistoric round cairn situated near broadly
contemporary settlement sites on the summit of a spur projecting south-east
from East Moor on eastern Bodmin Moor.
The round cairn survives as a turf-covered circular mound of heaped rubble,
17m in diameter and up to 1m high, with a flattened top. Relatively recent
stone-robbing has produced a hollow, 11m in diameter and 0.7m deep, focussed
slightly north-west of the mound's centre. The base of the hollow reveals
several large stone slabs, up to 1.5m long, firmly embedded in the mound's
rubble content and considered to be the collapsed remains of the cairn's
central structure. A quantity of large boulders, up to 2m long and deriving
from recent stone clearance in the vicinity, have been loosely heaped onto the
north-west periphery of the cairn, some spilling down into the central hollow.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or
multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were
constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter
but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds
the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion
within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old
ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as
isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides
important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social
organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their
period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of preservation.

This round cairn near Tresellern Farm has survived substantially intact
despite the limited, well-defined actions of recent stone robbers and, as
such, it will retain many of its original features including burial deposits.
The presence of a large central slab-built structure is unusual. The proximity
of this cairn to broadly contemporary settlement sites demonstrates well the
organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, , Vol. 17, (1978), 3-24
consulted 2/1992, Carter, A (RCHME), 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2376,
consulted 2/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1011,
consulted 2/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1061,
consulted 2/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1066,
consulted 2/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1079,
consulted 2/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1080,
Consulted 3/1992, Carter, A/RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2276; SX 2376 & SX 2377,
Consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entries for PRN 1082 & 1084,
Consulted 3/1992, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1084,

Source: Historic England

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