Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Ring cairn at Cogden Gill, 200m south of Grinton Lodge

A Scheduled Monument in Grinton, North Yorkshire

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Latitude: 54.3721 / 54°22'19"N

Longitude: -1.9271 / 1°55'37"W

OS Eastings: 404832.305228

OS Northings: 497397.196394

OS Grid: SE048973

Mapcode National: GBR GKZW.LH

Mapcode Global: WHB5C.CCKN

Entry Name: Ring cairn at Cogden Gill, 200m south of Grinton Lodge

Scheduled Date: 30 June 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012601

English Heritage Legacy ID: 24559

County: North Yorkshire

Civil Parish: Grinton

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire


This ring cairn is situated on a slight north east facing slope above
Cogden Gill ravine and overlooking the lower reaches of Swaledale. It includes
a substantial stone bank 2.5m wide and 0.3m high, although somewhat obscured
by thick heather and bracken. Some robbing has taken place of large stones on
the eastern side of the monument. The ring cairn has an overall diameter of

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A ring cairn is a prehistoric ritual monument comprising a circular bank of
stones up to 20m in diameter surrounding a hollow central area. The bank may
be kerbed on the inside, and sometimes on the outside as well, with small
uprights or laid boulders. Ring cairns are found mainly in upland areas of
England and are mostly discovered and authenticated by fieldwork and ground
level survey, although a few are large enough to be visible on aerial
photographs. They often occur in pairs or small groups of up to four examples.
Occasionally they lie within round barrow cemeteries. Ring cairns are
interpreted as ritual monuments of Early and Middle Bronze Age date. The exact
nature of the rituals concerned is not fully understood, but excavation has
revealed pits, some containing burials and others containing charcoal and
pottery, taken to indicate feasting activities associated with the burial
rituals. Many areas of upland have not yet been surveyed in detail and the
number of ring cairns in England is not accurately known. However, available
evidence indicates a population of between 250 and 500 examples. As a
relatively rare class of monument exhibiting considerable variation in form,
all positively identified examples retaining significant archaeological
deposits are considered worthy of preservation.

The monument although partially disturbed is still a well preserved
example containing further archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England


Laurie, T, (1993)

Source: Historic England

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