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Bowl barrow in the Bishop of Winchester's Purlieu

A Scheduled Monument in Denny Lodge, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8408 / 50°50'26"N

Longitude: -1.5002 / 1°30'0"W

OS Eastings: 435284.686999

OS Northings: 104702.581004

OS Grid: SU352047

Mapcode National: GBR 775.CHF

Mapcode Global: FRA 76RW.7C0

Entry Name: Bowl barrow in the Bishop of Winchester's Purlieu

Scheduled Date: 16 September 1963

Last Amended: 10 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012536

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20251

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Denny Lodge

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated on a ridge within the Bishop of
Winchester's Purlieu. The barrow mound measures 21m in diameter and stands up
to 1.4m high. A hollow in the southern part of the mound suggests robbing or
partial early excavation. Surrounding the mound is a ditch, from which
material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has
become partly infilled over the years, but survives as an earthwork measuring
3m wide and up to 0.3m deep. Overall diameter of monument is 27m.
This barrow lies within a relict field system.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the bowl barrow in the Bishop of
Winchester's Purlieu survives well adjacent to a heavily waterlogged area.
This makes it likely that environmental evidence may survive relating, both to
the monument and to the landscape in which it was constructed. Furthermore,
the monument survives within the New Forest, an area known to have been
important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of
archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of
agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development
of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Sumner, H, The Ancient Earthworks of the New Forest, (1917), 110&120
Other
Darvill, T C, Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), 1988,

Source: Historic England

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