Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 220m east of Rowbarrow Pond

A Scheduled Monument in Beaulieu, Hampshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.8383 / 50°50'17"N

Longitude: -1.4906 / 1°29'26"W

OS Eastings: 435963.990506

OS Northings: 104427.982639

OS Grid: SU359044

Mapcode National: GBR 776.7ZL

Mapcode Global: FRA 76RW.K27

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 220m east of Rowbarrow Pond

Scheduled Date: 9 September 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012535

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20252

County: Hampshire

Civil Parish: Beaulieu

Traditional County: Hampshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hampshire

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow and part of a field boundary situated on
a hillslope overlooking the valley of Shepton Water. The barrow mound
measures 12.5m in diameter and stands up to 0.6m high. A shallow hollow in
the centre of the mound suggests robbing or partial early excavation. Although
no longer visible at ground level, a ditch, from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has
become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.
A substantial, and relatively flat-topped, field boundary passes close to the
eastern edge of the mound and clearly deflects around the barrow.
The monument lies close to the boundary bank of the Bishop of Winchester's
Purlieu and within a relict field system.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation, the bowl barrow 220m east of
Rowbarrow Pond survives comparatively well within the New Forest, an area
known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A
considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area
because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic
deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T C, Monument Class Descriptions - Bowl Barrows (1988), 1988,
Hampshire County Planning Department, SU30SE6,

Source: Historic England

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