Ancient Monuments

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Moated site east of Kellam's Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Bardon, Leicestershire

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Latitude: 52.7136 / 52°42'48"N

Longitude: -1.3025 / 1°18'9"W

OS Eastings: 447214.683067

OS Northings: 313110.765116

OS Grid: SK472131

Mapcode National: GBR 7JY.TRQ

Mapcode Global: WHDJ1.Y2X0

Entry Name: Moated site east of Kellam's Farm

Scheduled Date: 14 March 1953

Last Amended: 4 January 1993

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012527

English Heritage Legacy ID: 17067

County: Leicestershire

Civil Parish: Bardon

Traditional County: Leicestershire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Leicestershire

Church of England Parish: Copt Oak St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Leicester


The monument includes an oval moated site located in an isolated low-lying
position 1km east of Bardon Hill.

The moated area measures approximately 65m x 75m with no inner or outer banks.
The moat island is raised between 0.5m and 1m above the surrounding land
surface. The surrounding ditch is mainly dry with a little waterlogging
and is an average of 12m wide and 1.5m deep. An adjoining channel on the
western side runs for 12m and is 8m wide and 1.5m deep. On the south-east
side are two small adjoining ditches surviving as slight indentations about 2m
wide and running into a nearby field ditch.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument at Bardon survives in good condition and is a rare example in
Leicestershire of an oval moat. The raised island has high potential for the
survival of archaeological remains and a buried ancient land surface.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Hartley, R F, The Medieval Earthworks of North-West Leicestershire, (1984), 8/9

Source: Historic England

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