Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Cairn on Eastern Beacon

A Scheduled Monument in Ugborough, Devon

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Latitude: 50.415 / 50°24'54"N

Longitude: -3.877 / 3°52'37"W

OS Eastings: 266739.704729

OS Northings: 58924.629878

OS Grid: SX667589

Mapcode National: GBR Q9.3CTX

Mapcode Global: FRA 27RY.RD6

Entry Name: Cairn on Eastern Beacon

Scheduled Date: 24 October 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012463

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10619

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Ugborough

Built-Up Area: Bittaford

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Ugborough St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Exeter


Many examples of prehistoric funerary monuments are preserved on Dartmoor,
mostly dating to the Bronze Age (c.2500-500BC). To celebrate or commemorate
the dead, mounds of earth or stone were piled in a roughly hemispherical
shape over the burial, which was sometimes contained in a small rectangular
structure, or cist, made of stone slabs. Some monuments also include
kerbstones marking the outer edge of the mound and a surrounding ditch. This
cairn is a grass covered mound 14.5m in diameter and 1m in height, it has a
hollow in the centre, suggesting that it has been robbed in the past.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the
most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country.
The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct
evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric
period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between
settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Despite
some disturbance, the cairn on Eastern Beacon is a well-preserved example
and occupies a prominent position on the brow of the hill. Its relationship
to other cairns on the Beacon and on neighbouring hills, indicates the
wealth of evidence relating to the ritual side of prehistoric life on this
part of the Moor.

Source: Historic England


Devon County SMR SX65NE-014,

Source: Historic England

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