Ancient Monuments

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Cairn NNW of Beacon Plain

A Scheduled Monument in South Brent, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4197 / 50°25'10"N

Longitude: -3.883 / 3°52'58"W

OS Eastings: 266321.749013

OS Northings: 59455.921271

OS Grid: SX663594

Mapcode National: GBR Q9.347S

Mapcode Global: FRA 27RY.91B

Entry Name: Cairn NNW of Beacon Plain

Scheduled Date: 7 October 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012233

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10543

County: Devon

Civil Parish: South Brent

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Ugborough St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

Many examples of prehistoric funerary monuments are preserved on Dartmoor,
mostly dating to the Bronze Age (c.2500-500 BC). To celebrate or commemorate
the dead, mounds of earth or stone were piled in a roughly hemispherical
shape over the burial, which was sometimes contained in a small rectangular
structure, or cist, made of stone slabs. Some monuments also include
kerbstones marking the outer edge of the mound and a surrounding ditch.
This cairn is situated on Beacon Plain, north-west of Ugborough Beacon and
at the top of the southern slope of the Scad Brook valley. It lies 50m west
of another cairn and is built of stone and earth, now turf-covered and is
13m in diameter and 0.7m high. A ditch and retaining kerb can be traced
around the mound, the centre of which is hollow, suggesting that it has been
disturbed in the past.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the
most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country.
The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct
evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric
period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between
settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.
This cairn is a well-preserved example and occupies a prominent position at
the top of the valley slope linking the Ugborough Beacon cairn group with
the Butterdon Hill/Spurrell's Cross ceremonial monument complexes. Its
relationship to other monuments of several types indicates the wealth of
evidence relating to the ritual side of prehistoric life on this part of the
Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings' in Dartmoor Barrows, , Vol. 36, (1978)
Other
Devon County SMR (SX 65 NE 009),

Source: Historic England

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