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Two bowl barrows 300m north-east of Sevenbarrows House: part of the Seven Barrows cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Lambourn, West Berkshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.5466 / 51°32'47"N

Longitude: -1.5302 / 1°31'48"W

OS Eastings: 432671.367075

OS Northings: 183185.842311

OS Grid: SU326831

Mapcode National: GBR 6YF.XM7

Mapcode Global: VHC16.FDD6

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 300m north-east of Sevenbarrows House: part of the Seven Barrows cemetery

Scheduled Date: 27 June 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012434

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12277

County: West Berkshire

Civil Parish: Lambourn

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire

Church of England Parish: Lambourn

Church of England Diocese: Oxford

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows set just above the floor of a dry
valley in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mounds are
orientated NE-SW and are separated by a distance of some 15-20m. Both have
been levelled by cultivation although in each case the ditch, from which
material was quarried during construction of the monument, and the old ground
surface survive as buried features. The southern mound originally had a
diameter of 10m and was surrounded by a ditch c.2m wide. The northern mound
was 22m across and the ditch 3m wide. Sarsen boulders were once recorded on
the surface of the southern mound.
Both mounds are part of the Seven Barrows cemetery, the core of which lies to
the south-east.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The Sevenbarrows Farm bowl barrows are important as, despite levelling by
cultivation, they are an integral part of the `Seven Barrows' cemetery.
Barrow cemeteries give an indication of the intensity with which areas were
settled during prehistory and provide evidence for the range of beliefs and
nature of social organisation during the Bronze Age. The Seven barrows
cemetery is a fine example of its class containing a wide range of barrow
types.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Case, H, 'Berkshire Archaeological Journal' in Berkshire Archaeological Journal (Volume 55), , Vol. 55, (1956), 15-31

Source: Historic England

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