Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 390m north of Sevenbarrows House: part of the Seven Barrows cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Lambourn, West Berkshire

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Latitude: 51.5474 / 51°32'50"N

Longitude: -1.5325 / 1°31'57"W

OS Eastings: 432510.770212

OS Northings: 183266.924071

OS Grid: SU325832

Mapcode National: GBR 6YF.WY9

Mapcode Global: VHC16.DC5M

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 390m N of Sevenbarrows House: part of the Seven Barrows cemetery

Scheduled Date: 21 March 1938

Last Amended: 2 August 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012416

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12241

County: West Berkshire

Civil Parish: Lambourn

Traditional County: Berkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Berkshire


The monument includes a bowl barrow set on the floor of a dry valley in an
area of gently undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound is 40m in diameter
and stands to a height of 3m. A ditch, from which material was quarried
during construction of the monument, surrounds the mound and is visible as an
earthwork to the north and north-east where it survives to a width of 3m and
is 0.1m deep. The site was partially excavated in the 1850s. Finds included
the remains of a funeral pyre with a human cremation. Accompanying the bones
were a bronze awl, a riveted dagger wrapped in cloth and an incense cup.
Also in the barrow but later than its construction, were an inhumation
burial, a cremation in a pottery urn sealed beneath a chalk casing and 112
further cremations above the chalk casing. Of these, 58 were in urns and all
surrounded by sarsen stones.
The metalling and services of the adjacent road are excluded from the
scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of

The Sevenbarrows Farm barrow is important as it survives comparatively well
and, despite partial excavation of the site, has potential for the recovery
of environmental and further archaeological remains, particularly from the
ditch and land surface buried beneath the mound. The significance of the
site is considerably enhanced by its inclusion within the `Seven Barrows'
barrow cemetery. Such groups give an indication of the intensity with which
areas were occupied during prehistory and provide evidence for the range of
beliefs and nature of social organisation within Bronze Age society.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Thomas, N, Guide to Prehistoric England, (1976), 50-1

Source: Historic England

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