Ancient Monuments

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One of two barrows on Chipperfield Common

A Scheduled Monument in Chipperfield, Hertfordshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.7004 / 51°42'1"N

Longitude: -0.4876 / 0°29'15"W

OS Eastings: 504617.543071

OS Northings: 201264.759779

OS Grid: TL046012

Mapcode National: GBR G7C.9KB

Mapcode Global: VHFSC.HJLB

Entry Name: One of two barrows on Chipperfield Common

Scheduled Date: 10 October 1979

Last Amended: 10 June 1992

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012405

English Heritage Legacy ID: 20618

County: Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Chipperfield

Built-Up Area: Chipperfield

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: Chipperfield

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans

Details

This barrow is the northernmost of two bowl barrows situated in the eastern
part of Chipperfield Common, south of Chipperfield village. It consists of a
hemispherical earth mound measuring c.14m in diameter and c.1.5m in height.
The original construction ditch which encircles the mound remains visible and
is about 3m wide and 0.2m deep. Approximately 100m south-east of this barrow
is situated another barrow of similar dimensions.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
protection.

The significance of this barrow on Chipperfield Common is increased by its
close proximity to a second barrow on the Common.

Source: Historic England

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