Ancient Monuments

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Little London moated site and surrounding earthwork enclosures, Kings Langley

A Scheduled Monument in Kings Langley, Hertfordshire

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Latitude: 51.7045 / 51°42'16"N

Longitude: -0.4433 / 0°26'35"W

OS Eastings: 507667.566957

OS Northings: 201789.451313

OS Grid: TL076017

Mapcode National: GBR G7F.2RJ

Mapcode Global: VHFSD.8FH5

Entry Name: Little London moated site and surrounding earthwork enclosures, Kings Langley

Scheduled Date: 1 April 1975

Last Amended: 19 March 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1010911

English Heritage Legacy ID: 11516

County: Hertfordshire

Civil Parish: Kings Langley

Traditional County: Hertfordshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Hertfordshire

Church of England Parish: King's Langley

Church of England Diocese: St.Albans


The monument includes a sub-rectangular moated site and a series of
outer enclosures. The moat is aligned east-west and has maximum external
dimensions of 120m. east-west and 60m. north-south. The moat island
contains a slight mound and hollow on the western side and there is a
causeway on the same side. The moat is approximately 12m. wide and 1.5m
deep and is dry except for the southern arm which is slightly marshy.
The eastern arm of the moat has been filled in. The internal mound and
hollow appear to mark the position of an earlier lodge belonging to the
Royal Park of the King's Langley Estate and dating to the 14th century.
There are no other standing structures in the moat today. The outer
enclosures appear as low earthworks mainly to the north of the moat, and
may be the remains of ancillary buildings or horticultural earthworks
contemporary with the moat.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

This monument exhibits good earthwork survival both of the moat and its
surrounding enclosures. It has a special significance through its
connection with the Royal Palace of King's Langley.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Cal. Pat., 1307-13453
The Victoria History of the County of Hertfordshire: Volume II, (1908), 120

Source: Historic England

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