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Moated manor and medieval settlement, Easington

A Scheduled Monument in Loftus, Redcar and Cleveland

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Coordinates

Latitude: 54.5529 / 54°33'10"N

Longitude: -0.849 / 0°50'56"W

OS Eastings: 474539.690026

OS Northings: 518130.248614

OS Grid: NZ745181

Mapcode National: GBR QHHS.ZP

Mapcode Global: WHF89.XTWJ

Entry Name: Moated manor and medieval settlement, Easington

Scheduled Date: 24 February 1978

Last Amended: 18 February 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012307

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13403

County: Redcar and Cleveland

Civil Parish: Loftus

Built-Up Area: Easington

Traditional County: Yorkshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): North Yorkshire

Church of England Parish: Easington All Saints

Church of England Diocese: York

Details

The site consists of the surviving part of an approximately rectangular
moated site, the platform of which is now occupied by Easington Hall
Farm, with further settlement remains on the N and W sides.
Moated sites are generally seen as the prestigious residences of the
Lords of the manor. The moat in such circumstances marked the high
status of the occupier, but also served to deter casual raiders and wild
animals. Most moats were constructed between 1250 and 1350 and it is
to this period that the example at Easington is likely to date.
At the north of the moated site the original watercourse was clearly
engineered to service at least one pond to the east, parts of the
earthworks of which survive. To the west and northwest of the farm there
survive the earthwork boundaries of at least four enclosures, in two of
which are roughly circular mounds which have been interpreted as
dovecotes. Also within these enclosures are the earthwork remains of
building platforms and hollow ways.
All field boundaries are excluded from the scheduling, although the
ground beneath is included. Additionally the electricity pylon and its
base is excluded but deposits beneath are included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The earthworks at Easington are a rare survival in this part of England,
where few medieval earthwork sites now exist in an undamaged condition.
The site retains considerable archaeological potential with a diverse
range of features, including the moat, the pond, the circular mounds,
and the other assorted settlement features.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Fairless, K J, AM 107, (1988)
Thubron, S, AM 107, (1983)

Source: Historic England

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