Ancient Monuments

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One of a number of cairns at Black Pool

A Scheduled Monument in Ugborough, Devon

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.4071 / 50°24'25"N

Longitude: -3.8911 / 3°53'27"W

OS Eastings: 265714.28895

OS Northings: 58062.84488

OS Grid: SX657580

Mapcode National: GBR Q9.3VL9

Mapcode Global: FRA 27QZ.CWM

Entry Name: One of a number of cairns at Black Pool

Scheduled Date: 12 November 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012285

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10608

County: Devon

Civil Parish: Ugborough

Traditional County: Devon

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Devon

Church of England Parish: Ugborough St Peter

Church of England Diocese: Exeter

Details

Many examples of prehistoric funerary monuments are preserved on Dartmoor,
mostly dating to the Bronze Age (c.2500-500 BC). To celebrate or commemorate
the dead, mounds of earth or stone were piled in a roughly hemispherical
shape over the burial, which was sometimes contained in a small rectangular
structure, or cist, made of stone slabs. Some monuments also include
kerbstones marking the outer edge of the mound and a surrounding ditch.
This is one of four cairns at the waterhole of Black Pool, in the valley
between Butterdon Hill and Western Beacon. The cairn lies 220 m south east
of Black Pool. It is built of stones and earth with a retaining kerb and is
9m in diameter and 0.5m high. It is now turf covered and a central hollow
suggests that it may have been disturbed in the past.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in Southern Britain and
because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the
most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country.
The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct
evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric
period onwards. The well preserved and often visible relationship between
settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary
monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights
into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.
This well preserved cairn, along with its three near neighbours, occupies a
position by a waterhole on the lower ground between two hills. Its
relationship and that of of its near neighbours, to other monuments of the
same type, the cairn groups on Butterdon Hill and Western Beacon in
particular, indicates the wealth of evidence relating to the ritual side of
prehistoric life on this part of the Moor.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Devon Archaeological Society Proceedings' in Dartmoor Barrows, , Vol. 36, (1978), 172
Other
Devon County SMR (SX65NE-018),

Source: Historic England

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