Ancient Monuments

History on the Ground

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Two bowl barrows north of Rowbury Lane

A Scheduled Monument in Market Lavington, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.3071 / 51°18'25"N

Longitude: -2.0019 / 2°0'6"W

OS Eastings: 399961.628474

OS Northings: 156443.681827

OS Grid: ST999564

Mapcode National: GBR 2VD.YHD

Mapcode Global: VHB4N.8D0T

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows north of Rowbury Lane

Scheduled Date: 4 June 1957

Last Amended: 4 September 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012191

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12215

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Market Lavington

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Bishop's (West) Lavington All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes two large bowl barrows, separated by a distance of
c.25m, in an area of level ground. The southern barrow mound is 42m in
diameter and stands to a height of 1m. Partial excavation of the site
produced a cremation burial set in an upright urn, two further (later)
cremations, a flint knife and Bronze Age pottery. The northern mound is 50m
across and c.1m high. Both barrow mounds are surrounded by ditches from
which material was quarried during construction of the monument. These are
no longer visible at ground level but survive as buried features up to 5m

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 bc. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Their ubiquity and their tendency to occupy
prominent locations makes them a major historic element in the modern
landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument
type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social
organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly
representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving
examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation of the southern barrow mound and
cultivation of the Rowbury Lane monument over several years, much of it
remains intact and therefore has significant potential for the recovery of
archaeological remains.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine Volume 43, , Vol. 43, (), 396-7
Wilts SMR,

Source: Historic England

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