Ancient Monuments

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Moated site 300m north-east of Potterne Park Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Potterne, Wiltshire

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Latitude: 51.316 / 51°18'57"N

Longitude: -1.9867 / 1°59'12"W

OS Eastings: 401019.992639

OS Northings: 157436.26246

OS Grid: SU010574

Mapcode National: GBR 2VF.GJP

Mapcode Global: VHB4N.J51Y

Entry Name: Moated site 300m north-east of Potterne Park Farm

Scheduled Date: 9 April 1957

Last Amended: 29 March 1990

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012152

English Heritage Legacy ID: 12043

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Potterne

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire


The monument includes a square moated site 300m north-east of Potterne Park
Farm. It survives as a well-preserved dry homestead moat aligned WNW-ESE and
situated on level ground. The site has maximum external dimensions of 70m
square. The island measures 50m square and is bounded by an earthen bank 8m
wide and 0.8m high. The arms of the moat average 8m in width and 1.5m in
depth. The entrance is centrally placed in the north-west arm but there is no
causeway over the moat which must once have been bridged. No traces of a
building are visible on the island. The water level in the moat is maintained
by natural surface collection. The moat is considered to be the site of the
Keeper's Lodge of the Bishop of Salisbury's Park.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Although a large number of moated sites are known, relatively few survive in
Wiltshire. This example is particularly important as it survives well, has
high potential for the recovery of archaeological and structural remains as
well as displaying good historical documentation.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Pugh, RB, Crittall, E, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire, (1953), 208,213
Dennison, E and Darvill, T, HBMC Monument Class Description - Moats, 1988,

Source: Historic England

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