Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow 150m east of Stonehenge Cottages on A303

A Scheduled Monument in Amesbury, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1772 / 51°10'37"N

Longitude: -1.8058 / 1°48'20"W

OS Eastings: 413670.18648

OS Northings: 142013.892589

OS Grid: SU136420

Mapcode National: GBR 502.09H

Mapcode Global: VHB5B.NN6X

Entry Name: Bowl barrow 150m east of Stonehenge Cottages on A303

Scheduled Date: 23 May 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012129

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10497

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Amesbury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Amesbury St Mary and St Melor

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes part of a levelled bowl barrow located 150m east of
Stonehenge Cottages on the A303, with views south across Coneybury Hill. The
barrow mound is now difficult to identify on the ground, but is surrounded by
a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has
become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature and is visible
on aerial photographs from which the overall diameter of the barrow is
calculated to be 34m. The southern section of the barrow has been destroyed by
the down-cutting of the A303.
Partial excavation in 1980 revealed two phases of ditch construction and a
bone fragment of red deer.
All fence posts are excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath these
features is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round
barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped
as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over
10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the
Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information
on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age
periods.

Despite having been levelled by cultivation and partly destroyed by the
down-cutting of the A303, the bowl barrow 150m east of Stonehenge Cottages is
known from partial excavation to contain archaeological remains and
environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it
was constructed. Aerial photographs have shown that the ditch fills survive
undisturbed, while deposits located on the Bronze Age ground surface will
survive beneath the area disturbed by cultivation.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 152
Pitts, M W, 'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in On Two Barrows Near Stonehenge, , Vol. 74/75, (1980), 181-4

Source: Historic England

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