Ancient Monuments

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Two bowl barrows 70m north east of The Avenue on Countess Farm

A Scheduled Monument in Amesbury, Wiltshire

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Coordinates

Latitude: 51.1803 / 51°10'48"N

Longitude: -1.8021 / 1°48'7"W

OS Eastings: 413929.018315

OS Northings: 142353.489272

OS Grid: SU139423

Mapcode National: GBR 4ZW.TFT

Mapcode Global: VHB5B.QL5L

Entry Name: Two bowl barrows 70m north east of The Avenue on Countess Farm

Scheduled Date: 3 May 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1009146

English Heritage Legacy ID: 10426

County: Wiltshire

Civil Parish: Amesbury

Traditional County: Wiltshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Wiltshire

Church of England Parish: Amesbury St Mary and St Melor

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes two levelled bowl barrows aligned north east-south west
located some 70m north east of the Avenue, north west of Countess Farm
buildings and situated on a broad plateau which lies between the valley of the
River Avon and Stonehenge. The barrow mounds are now difficult to define on
the ground. They are, however, surrounded by ditches from which material was
quarried during their construction. These survive as buried features and are
visible on aerial photographs from which the overall diameters of the barrows
can be calculated to be 18m in the case of the south western barrow and 10m in
the case of the north eastern barrow.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for
ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.
Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and
Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site.
The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the
densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in
Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge
cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many
grouped into cemeteries.
The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th
century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a
number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from
the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and
burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use.
In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments
of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified
as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round
barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the
Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC.
They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which
covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped
as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often
superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit
regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over
10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the
Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information
on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age
periods.

Despite having been levelled by cultivation, the two bowl barrows 70m north
east of the Avenue will contain archaeological remains and environmental
evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was
constructed. Aerial photographs have shown that the ditch fills survive
undisturbed, while deposits located on the Bronze Age ground surface will
survive beneath the area disturbed by cultivation.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other

Source: Historic England

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