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Disc barrow 200m north east of Winterbourne Poor Lot, forming part of the Poor Lot round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Abbas, Dorset

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Coordinates

Latitude: 50.7157 / 50°42'56"N

Longitude: -2.5801 / 2°34'48"W

OS Eastings: 359139.360741

OS Northings: 90831.231315

OS Grid: SY591908

Mapcode National: GBR PT.PK6Y

Mapcode Global: FRA 57H6.0MV

Entry Name: Disc barrow 200m north east of Winterbourne Poor Lot, forming part of the Poor Lot round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 31 October 1957

Last Amended: 28 June 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012031

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22943

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Abbas

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Winterbournes

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury

Details

The monument includes a disc barrow situated within the South Dorset Downs on
a south facing slope of the South Winterbourne valley. It forms one of 44
barrows known within the Poor Lot round barrow cemetery, the core of which is
situated on the opposing hillside to the south.
The barrow has a central mound composed of chalk, earth and flint with maximum
dimensions of 23m in diameter and c.1m high. This is surrounded by a berm or
gently sloping platform 6m wide and a ditch from which material was quarried
during the construction of the monument. The ditch is no longer visible at
ground level, as it has become infilled over the years, but is known from a
survey conducted during the 1950's to be 6m wide. It will survive as a buried
feature. Surrounding the ditch is an outer bank composed of flint, chalk and
earth with maximum dimensions of 6m in width and c.0.5m in height.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The Poor Lot cemetery survives well as one of very few examples in Dorset
known to exhibit such a wide range of different forms of round barrow,
including some of the rare barrow types, such as disc and pond barrows. The
core of the cemetery is unusually situated within a valley bottom.
The disc barrow 200m north east of Winterbourne Poor Lot is an outstanding
example of its class.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 463
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 463

Source: Historic England

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