Ancient Monuments

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Bowl barrow and pond barrow within Well Bottom Wood, part of the Winterbourne Poor Lot round barrow cemetery

A Scheduled Monument in Winterbourne Abbas, Dorset

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Latitude: 50.7129 / 50°42'46"N

Longitude: -2.5794 / 2°34'45"W

OS Eastings: 359185.589983

OS Northings: 90520.046963

OS Grid: SY591905

Mapcode National: GBR PT.PRFH

Mapcode Global: FRA 57H6.6XR

Entry Name: Bowl barrow and pond barrow within Well Bottom Wood, part of the Winterbourne Poor Lot round barrow cemetery

Scheduled Date: 31 October 1957

Last Amended: 7 July 1995

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1012028

English Heritage Legacy ID: 22940

County: Dorset

Civil Parish: Winterbourne Abbas

Traditional County: Dorset

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Dorset

Church of England Parish: The Winterbournes

Church of England Diocese: Salisbury


The monument includes a bowl and pond barrow aligned east-west, and forming
part of the Poor Lot round barrow cemetery, situated on the South Dorset Downs
within the valley bottom of the South Winterbourne. These are two of the 44
barrows which are known to occur within the Poor Lot cemetery.
The bowl barrow to the west has a mound composed of earth and chalk, with a
maximum diameter of 16m and a maximum height of c.1.75m. This is surrounded by
a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. This has become infilled over the years, but is known to survive as
a buried feature 3m wide.
The pond barrow, which is situated 50m to the east of the bowl barrow, is
enclosed by an outer bank with maximum dimensions of 6m in width and c.0.65m
in height. This encloses a sunken sub-circular area which is c.0.8m deep, 25m
from east to west and 30m from north to south. The verge of the road to the
north east has removed part of the outer bank of the barrow. There is a gap in
the bank on the south western side of the monument c.1m in width which may
represent an entrance.

The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Round barrow cemeteries date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They comprise
closely-spaced groups of up to 30 round barrows - rubble or earthen mounds
covering single or multiple burials. Most cemeteries developed over a
considerable period of time, often many centuries, and in some cases acted as
a focus for burials as late as the early medieval period. They exhibit
considerable diversity of burial rite, plan and form, frequently including
several different types of round barrow, occasionally associated with earlier
long barrows. Where large scale investigation has been undertaken around them,
contemporary or later "flat" burials between the barrow mounds have often been
revealed. Round barrow cemeteries occur across most of lowland Britain, with a
marked concentration in Wessex. In some cases, they are clustered around other
important contemporary monuments such as henges. Often occupying prominent
locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape, whilst
their diversity and their longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving or partly-surviving examples are
considered worthy of protection.

The Poor Lot cemetery survives well as one of very few examples in Dorset
known to exhibit such a wide range of different forms of round barrow,
including some of the rare barrow types, such as disc and pond barrows. The
cemetery is unusually situated within a valley bottom.

Source: Historic England


Books and journals
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 463
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 463
Historical Monuments in the County of Dorset: Volume I, (1970), 463
Grinsell, L V, 'Procs Dorset Natural History and Archaeological Soc.' in Dorset Barrows, (1959), 147

Source: Historic England

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