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New Manor Farm moated site

A Scheduled Monument in Preston Brook, Halton

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Coordinates

Latitude: 53.3188 / 53°19'7"N

Longitude: -2.6312 / 2°37'52"W

OS Eastings: 358051.344697

OS Northings: 380390.966486

OS Grid: SJ580803

Mapcode National: GBR BZ22.50

Mapcode Global: WH98X.KV94

Entry Name: New Manor Farm moated site

Scheduled Date: 28 November 1991

Source: Historic England

Source ID: 1011891

English Heritage Legacy ID: 13483

County: Halton

Civil Parish: Preston Brook

Traditional County: Cheshire

Lieutenancy Area (Ceremonial County): Cheshire

Church of England Parish: Daresbury All Saints

Church of England Diocese: Chester

Details

New Manor Farm moated site includes an island surrounded by a waterlogged
moat. The island measures c.67m x 52m and contains New Manor farmhouse at its
centre with lawns, gardens and a cobbled access drive leading from a bridge
across the E arm. A second bridge crosses the W arm. A waterlogged well lies
adjacent to the S of the house. The moat varies in width, averaging c.8m x
1.3m deep, but widens at all corners except the NW. There is an intermittent
retaining wall up to 0.3m high lining much of the island. Building
foundations are known to lie beneath the lawns and gardens.
The New Manor manor house was built in 1526 for John Dutton, an illegitimate
son of the Dutton family, the local landowners from the reign of King John
until 1705. The house was rebuilt at an unspecified date.
New Manor farmhouse, an outhouse, a timber hut, an area of sandstone blocks,
all service pipes and a sewage system beneath two flagged areas in the N lawn,
a wall adjoining the SW corner of the house and all fences are excluded from
the scheduling. The ground beneath all these features, however, is included.

MAP EXTRACT
The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features,
considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Source: Historic England

Reasons for Scheduling

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches,
often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more
islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some
cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites
served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the
provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical
military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was
between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in
central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built
throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and
exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a
significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding
of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples
provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The monument is a well preserved example of the site of a late medieval moated
manor house and will retain considerable archaeological evidence of the
original manor house beneath the present buildings and lawns. Additionally
the waterlogged moat and well will preserve organic material.

Source: Historic England

Sources

Other
Darvill, T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Moats, (1988)
Mr Riley (Site Owner), To Robinson, K.D. MPPFW, (1990)
Photocopy supplied by site owner, Untitled information researched by local historian,

Source: Historic England

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